By joining an unemployment fund you are eligible for an earnings-related allowance based on your salary level. If you do not belong to an unemployment fund, you will receive the basic unemployment benefit from Kela.
|Salary before unemployment / month||1 500 €||2 000 €||2 500 €||3 000 €||3 500 €||4 000 €|
|Earnings related allowance (year 2020) / month||1 045 €||1 261 €||1 476 €||1 692 €||1 868 €||1 964 €|
|Basic allowance (year 2020) / month||724 €||724 €||724 €||724 €||724 €||724 €|
Earnigs-related allowance can be paid id you have been working for six months while being a member of an unemployment fund. You can find more information on the requirements for the allowance here.
You can join an unemployment fund when you are employed or self-employed. This work does not have to be permanent, and even short stints of work are enough.
Some funds are sector-specific, i.e. joining a fund may require you to be employed in a specific profession or sector. Others require you to have specific training. In addition to this, there are also funds that anyone can join.
If you join a trade union, ask for more information about membership of their unemployment fund at the same time. Several unions automatically sign their members up to their own unemployment fund.
Members of the unemployment fund pay a membership fee to finance part of the benefits and to cover the administrative costs of the fund.
The average cost of membership for a person earning EUR 3000 per month is EUR 114.
A list of each fund’s membership fees is available here.
By joining the unemployment fund, you can begin accumulating the right to the earnings-related allowance before you graduate. By doing this, you can receive your earning allowance if you do not get a job immediately after graduation.
In order to receive the earnings-related allowance, you must have worked for at least 6 months. This work does not need to have been completed as a single period. If you study, you can accumulate working weeks from up to 9 years. In order to accumulate working weeks, you need to have worked for at least 18 hours per week. In addition, you must be a member of the unemployment fund during the working weeks in question.
If you want to change your unemployment fund, please contact the new fund and authorise your new fund to terminate your old membership. This will continue your membership in the new fund without interruptions.
If you change unemployment funds in such a way that there is a maximum of one month between the memberships, the working and membership periods accumulated in the old fund will also be counted in the new one.
In Finland there are 24 unemployment funds for employees and two unemployment funds for the self-employed. There are about 2 million members in these unemployment funds.
Unemployment funds pay their members a earnings-related allowance during periods of unemployment.